As I’ve previously covered on this blog, engineering is quite a broad realm that consists of civil, chemical, mechanical, and electrical fields. While the names of these fields give a good idea of what to expect, prospective engineers may not know the specific requirements for each. Consider this blog post a handy guide to finding the right engineering discipline for you! If you’re short on time, just watch the video version!
Civil engineers design structures such as bridges, canals, roads, and buildings. A bachelor’s degree usually takes 3 to 5 years to complete, depending on the institution attended and curriculum structure. The subjects that you need to be great at are mathematics, geology, and architectural or structural design. There are plenty of subcategories in the realm of civil engineering, including geotechnical engineering.
Mechanical engineering is one of the most long-standing disciplines, at least in the modern sense. Mechanical engineering is perfect for those who want hands-on experience and have a strong background in physics and maintenance. Without mechanical engineers, manufacturing and everything it impacts would be much different! Mechanical engineering is somewhat of a blanket discipline, drawing elements from other engineering types to streamline automated processes and incorporate new tech into old systems. More business-minded mechanical engineers might be interested in pursuing industrial engineering.
Electrical engineering encompasses studies of electricity and electrical components, mainly dealing with how these two aspects interact. If you’re familiar with computer engineering, that falls under this category. Electrical engineering majors often take courses in topics like mathematics, physics, and business. Product management is particularly essential for electrical engineers since this discipline’s software and hardware development can be commercial.
If you just can’t decide between physical sciences and engineering, chemical engineering provides a happy compromise. As the name implies, this discipline combines the study of the natural environment and biological and chemical processes with the development and implementation of new technologies and products. One popular sub-discipline is biomedical engineering, which focuses on the realm of healthcare.